Top Tips for a Healthy Gut

We have all heard the saying “listen to your gut”.  This phrase tends to mean “ listen to your intuition, your gut feeling ” but  it could just as well apply to paying attention to how your digestion is functioning.  Do you suffer  from bloating after eating and seem to have a “food baby” at the end of the day? Are  loose stools and stomach cramps a part of life for you ? Are you feeling tired, have no energy and just generally don’t feel well nourished?

I can tell you that what you eat, drink and think can deeply affect the workings of your  gut and the digestive process . Life’s stresses and strains can play havoc with the gut microbiome, speeding things up (Diarrhoea) or slowing things down (Constipation).  It seems obvious that  digestive issues can have a huge impact on health, wellbeing, strength and vitality. 

Many diseases affect the gastrointestinal tract -  irritable bowel syndrome, indigestion, leaky gut or gut dysbiosis,  colitis, chrohns disease, coeliac disease or gastroesophageal reflux and that is just the tip of the iceberg! –  but what we generally see are people who are just feeling uncomfortable, feel nausea or  gas each time they eat, have tummy cramps and irregular bowel movements, feel tired and rundown.

Think about it - your digestive tract is more than just a tube that holds and processes food.   It also  houses  part of your immune system in the form of a bacterial barrier of good and bad bacteria -  the gastrointestinal mucosa. The gut also  absorbs nutrients and fight off bugs by identifying toxins, viruses or allergens that could cause you to be ill. Usually a greater proportion of good bacteria keep things in balance and under control but stress,  poor diet, medications,  structural problems, toxins or  illness can all allow bad bacteria to overtake the good bacteria resulting in chronic health issues.

The gut is pretty fantastic system which nourishes, protects and removes wastes.  It will take just about anything we give it and try to process it, and if it can’t then the offending food will reappear at one end or the other!  I think it deserves a little care and support!

Usually we don’t notice all of these inner workings in our digestive tract, but when something goes awry and we get a twinge or a cramp, gas or explosive diarrhoea, we are forced to face it pretty quickly. So many times, in clinic, I hear “oh, I just put up with it, I hoped it might go away”. Well, no one has to live with that level of discomfort and, sadly, sometimes putting up with it allows a small issue to turn into a bigger and serious one. 

 There are some simple tips that you might consider for keeping your digestive system in good working order.

 

Tips for maintaining a healthy gut:

  1. Eat as healthily as you can

Choose whole foods and avoid white, refined processed foods. The first place to start is your diet when trying to improve your digestion as what you eat each day will have an impact on good digestion and overall health.   Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients which are nourishing and excellent sources of fibre, vitamins and minerals.  Eating smaller portions, eating at regular times and stopping to enjoy your food are all ways to help your body do its job.  I often advise those suffering from reflux not to eat after 8pm.

 Some people feel better avoiding wheat, as the gluten in it can cause bloating and stomach problems.  If you feel you do have food intolerances then I would encourage you to get some testing done to find out what they are. Avoiding the foods on an intolerance list for a period of time while naturopathic gut healing procedures are undertaken,  will significantly reduce inflammation in the gut. 

  1. Help the good bugs

We have hundreds of different kinds of friendly bacteria in the gut. Adding  probiotics and prebiotics to our diet increases the levels of good bacteria in the gut.  Probiotics are friendly bacteria, and the more there are of them, the less chance bad bacteria have to take over.  Take a good probiotic supplement and add prebiotic foods such as yoghurt, miso, kimchi, kefir, tofu, sourdough bread and sauerkraut to your diet.   A glass of warm water with apple cider vinegar or lemon juice on waking gives the digestion a good kick start for the day.

  1. Fibre

Fibre is found in fruits, vegetables (think broccoli, spinach, cauliflower, carrot) whole grains, beans and lentils.  Drink plenty of water and fluids as fibre absorbs water as it moves through the digestive tract helping to soften the stool and lubricate the food waste in the digestive tract. Fibre is found in wholemeal  and grainy bread, wheat germ, chia seeds, sunflower seeds, prunes, fruits, oats, potatoes, lentils, figs, vegetables and bran. Linseed and psyllium husks can be very beneficial.

  1. Chew thoroughly

It sounds fairly obvious doesn’t it, but many of us don’t slow down and chew our food properly.  We eat on the run, in front of the TV, bolt food down to get on to the next task in our day. Your stomach will accept just about anything you send it but digestion is a highly complex process, starting with the digestive juices which  process the food we have eaten, and the release of digestive enzymes  and saliva to help break food particles down into smaller ones. The slower you eat and the more you chew your food, the less work your digestive tract has to do to process it. If you are finding large particles of unchewed food in your bowel movements you definitely need to rethink how you are chewing your food!

  1. Lessen stress

Exercising is a great relaxant and stress reducer.  Walking, yoga or pilates  help the digestive  stimulate the activity of the intestinal muscles. Yoga, particularly, is fantastic for  helping with gut motility as you slowly  wind into poses. We know that the digestive tract is influenced by the nervous system, so if you are feeling emotional, anxious, frightened or stressed the nervous system can shut the digestion down for a time till the perceived threat has passed. Sometimes the reaction is severe enough to cause diarrhoea and tummy cramps so cultivating a calm attitude with exercise, mindfulness practises,  meditation and breathing practise can really help.

  1. Herbs to try:

 Slippery Elm is a fantastic demulcent, soothes the gut and coats the gut walls. It is one of my favourite herbs for  soothing the fut, and for ulcers and inflammation.

Chamomile – prevents or relieves stomach cramps, calms the nerves,  anti gas and bloating, helps nausea, heartburn and headaches.

 Lemon balm  – calms the digestive system, contains many vitamins and minerals, helps abdominal pain, gas and bloating.

 Ginger – Improves the digestive system, stimulates, helps in the absorption of nutrients.

 Fennel seeds – relieve nausea, gas and  stomach cramps, helps indigestion and bloating.

 Dandelion root and leaf – improves digestion, and act as mild laxative agent.

Peppermint – relieves upset stomachs,  calms digestive spasms, relieves gas and reducing pain and discomfort.

 

References:

Beers, M. P. (2006). Merck Manual (18th ed). New Jersey: Merck Research Laboratories.

Braun, L. .. (2007). Herbs and Natural Supplements - an evidence based guide (2nd ed). Chatswood: Elsevier.

H, O. (2011). The Nutrient Bible 8th Edition. Queensland: Bio Concepts.

Hechtman, L. (2012). Clinical Naturopathic Medicine. Chatswood: Elsevier.

Holford, P. (2009). Improve Your Digestion.

King, J. (2000). Mayo Clinic on Digestive Health. New York: Kensington.

Osiecki, H. (2008). The Physicians Handbook of Clinical Nutrition (7th ed). Queensland: A C Publishing.

Sarris, J. W. (2010). Clinical Naturopathy - an evidence based guide. Chatswood: Churchill Livingstone.

By Joanna Vinsen Loveys BNatMed HbT MNZAMH


Joanna Loveys
Joanna Loveys

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